It is a sample of the native flora with which it is intended to promote interest in the biodiversity of our region. Representing a place of tourist recreation, as well as providing scientific and educational information. Peru has a special geographic location and agro-ecological conditions, has varied climates and microclimates and contains 84 life zones of the 114 existing, is among the 12 most biologically diverse countries on earth, known as mega diverse countries, both by the number of species and genetic resources as well as the variety of ecosystems. It has an estimated 25,000 known plant species, with 17,144 species of flowering plants (Angiosperms and Gymnosperms), of which 5,354 are endemic species (31.23%).
The use of medicinal plants in Peru is as old as our Andean culture, and much knowledge is rooted in popular knowledge. However, the excessive "modernization" of Western medicine has caused this knowledge to be relegated and in some aspects, even forgotten. Within this context, the use of medicinal plants has been and will continue to be a preventive and curative alternative for health, but like any natural resource it is subject to indiscriminate extraction for simple collection and its consumption will not be guaranteed as long as there are no standards to ensure its health and quality.
Ethno-knowledge is in close relationship with the existence of flora, because as long as plant resources exist there will be those who know, use and manage them, so the destruction of forests and the exclusion of their plant diversity will have an effect comparable to burning libraries in the Western world.
At present, in the face of the loss of natural ecosystems, ex situ conservation is presented as an alternative that not only raises awareness and promotes public interest in biodiversity, but also generates information to actively guarantee conservation programs. In Peru there are 5000 varieties of plants with different purposes, including 1044 medicinal species, 1608 ornamental, 134 dyeing species, 179 toxic species, among others.